Let introduce some basic definitions. Sample Space - it is set of all possible events and this space is denoted by     Event - the result of an experiment is defined as an event and denoted by   Examples: Lets define a sample space for a coin toss expriment   = { {H}, {T} } The sample space for the throw of ONE dice is = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 } An event or an outcome, , can therefore be regarded as a "subset" of the sample space    Conversely   can be defined as the set of all outcomes (or events), their intersections and their unions. The rules of set theory therefore apply. Lets say we define O as a set of "odd" outcomes of then the set of even outcomes E has a complement   implies an "or". In other words the resultant set includes outcomes in 'A' or 'B' imples an "and". In other words the resultant set includes outcomes in 'A' and 'B' Example: Lets consider a set of "odd" outcomes from the above "ONE dice throw" expriment. Let this set be O. Lets consider a set of "even number" outcomes from the above "ONE dice throw" expriment. Let this set be E. Let P be a set of prime numbers. As the figure (1) below shows the results of the intersections and unions of these sets Figure 1 Random Variable A random variable is strictly speaking NOT a variable. It is actually a function which assigns a numerical value to   each event  , written as Figure 2 As shwon in the figure (2) above, the outcomes of the set is mapped to real values by the "function" which we often refer to as a Random Variable A Stochatic Process S(t) can be viewed as a sequence of random variables indexed by time t. Hence the stochastic process is a function of both the individual event and of time t This can be better illustrated using the Binomial Model. Let S0 be the value of the asset at time t=0. Let S0move either up by amount U or move down by amount D. So at time t=1, the value of the asset is either US0 or DS0. This processes is illustrated by figure (3) below Figure 3 As time moves from a discrete process to a continuous process, it becomes difficult to construct the above ever expanding set. This is where the concept of "filtration" comes in handy. Filtration